Peter S. Hofman

Professor of Corporate Social Responsibility and Corporate Governance

Nottingham University Business School China
Staff Profile Portrait Image



Room 429, IEB


University of Nottingham Ningbo China


199 Taikang East Road, Ningbo, 315100, China


+86 (0)574 8818 0000 ext. 8263


PhD (University of Twente)

MBA (University of Twente)

MA (University of Amsterdam)


Professor Peter Hofman is Professor in Corporate Social Responsibility and Corporate Governance at Nottingham University Business School China. His research broadly covers business-government-society interaction in the areas of innovation and sustainable business strategies. He has published numerous articles, books, book chapters and reports on corporate social responsibility in Europe and China, innovation in Chinese SMEs, system innovation, governance of innovation, technology transfer and sustainable business strategies in academic journals such as Asia Pacific Journal of Management, International Journal of Human Resource Management, Business & Society, Journal of Cleaner Production, Energy Policy, Technology Analysis and Strategic Management, Business Strategy and the Environment, and Innovation: Management, Policy and Practice. He has successfully led a number of research grants in the areas of corporate social responsibility and human resource management in Chinese firms, eco-innovation in Chinese firms, and finance mechanisms for diffusion of clean technologies. He previously received grants from the Dutch National Scientific Council for research on system innovation in the energy sector, and was involved in European Union funded projects on innovation and environmental management. He is currently an international expert for a project of the Asian Development Bank and the Development Research Center of the State Council of China on improving energy efficiency in the Chinese manufacturing industry and was an international member of a policy study on Corporate Social Responsibility for Green Development for the China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development.



  • Business Ethics
  • Corporate Restructuring and Governance


  • Corporate Social Responsibility

Research interests


  • Cleaner production and environmental management in firms
  • Energy innovation towards more sustainable energy systems
  • Sustainability strategies and the role of partnerships
  • Exploring system innovation through sociotechnical scenarios


  • Corporate social responsibility in China
  • Upgrading, innovation and CSR in Chinese firms
  • Eco-innovation in Chinese firms
  • Stakeholder engagement strategies of Chinese MNEs
  • Corporate responses to climate change 


  • Sustainability strategies in Chinese firms
  • The transition to a sustainable energy system in China
  • Corporate governance and corporate social responsibility in Chinese firms


Professor Hofman’s up-to-date publications and its impact can be found at:

Journal Publications

  • Hofman, P.S., Blome, C., Schleper, M.C., and Subramanian N. (2020) Supply Chain Collaboration and Eco-Innovations: An Institutional Perspective from China. Business Strategy and the Environment, 29 (6): 2734-2754.
  • Li, P.P., Hofman, P.S., and Geraci, M. (2020) The Belt and Road Initiative as an Intercontinental Ecosystem: Strategic Implications for Multinational Enterprises around the World. Thunderbird International Business Review, 62: 239–248.
  • Birtch, T.A., Au, K.Y, Chang, F.F.T, and Hofman, P.S (2018) How Perceived Risk and Return Interacts with Familism to Influence Individuals Investment Strategies: The Case of Capital Seeking and Capital Providing Behavior in New Venture Financing. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 35 (2): 471-500.
  • Hofman, P.S., Moon, J. and Wu, B. (2017) Corporate Social Responsibility Under Authoritarian Capitalism: Dynamics and Prospects of State-Led and Society-Driven CSR. Business & Society, 56(5): 651–671.
  • Hofman, P.S., Moon, J. and Wu, B. (eds.) (2017) Corporate Social Responsibility in China: Perspectives and Evidence. Business & Society, 56(5): 651–781.
  • Newman, A; Miao, Q., Hofman, P.S., and Zhu C.J. (2016) The Impact of Socially Responsible Human Resource Management on Employees’ Organizational Citizenship Behaviour: The Mediating Role of Organizational Identification. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 27(4): 440-455.
  • Tan-Mullins, M. and P.S. Hofman (2014) The Shaping of Chinese Corporate Social Responsibility. Journal of Current Chinese Affairs, 43(4): 3-18.
  • Hofman, P.S., B. Wu and K. Liu (2014) Collaborative Socially Responsible Practices for Improving the Position of Chinese Workers in Global Supply Chains. Journal of Current Chinese Affairs, 43(4): 111-141.
  • Tan-Mullins, M. and P.S. Hofman (eds.) (2014) Corporate Social Responsibility: Global Norms and Chinese Forms. Journal of Current Chinese Affairs, 43(4): 1-141.
  • Hofman, P.S. and A. Newman (2014) The Impact of Perceived Corporate Social Responsibility on Organizational Commitment and the Moderating Role of Collectivism and Masculinity: Evidence from China. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 25(5): 631-652.
  • Deng, Z., P.S. Hofman and A. Newman (2013) Ownership concentration and product innovation in Chinese private SMEs. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 30(3): 717-734.
  • Morsink, K., Hofman, P.S., Lovett, J.C. (2011) Multi-stakeholder partnerships for transfer of environmentally sound technologies. Energy Policy, 39: 1-5.
  • Hofman, P.S. and B. Elzen (2010) Exploring System Innovation in the Electricity System through Sociotechnical Scenarios. Technology Analysis and Strategic Management, 22(6): 657-670.
  • Lovett, J.C, P.S. Hofman, K. Morsink, K. Krabbendam (2009) Review of the 2008 UNFCCC Meeting in Poznań. Energy Policy, 37: 3701-3705.
  • Hofman, P.S. (2008) Governance for Green Electricity: Rule Formation between Market and Hierarchy. Energy and Environment, 19, 6: 803-817.
  • Hofman, P.S, Elzen, B., & Geels, F.W. (2004) Sociotechnical scenarios as a new policy tool to explore system innovations: Co-evolution of technology and society in the Netherlands’ electricity domain. Innovation: Management, Policy and Practice, 6, 344-360.
  • Hofman, Peter S. (2002). Becoming a First Mover in Green Electricity Supply: Corporate Change Driven by Liberalisation and Climate Change. Greener Management International, 39, 99-108.
  • De Bruijn, TJNM & P.S. Hofman (2000) Pollution prevention and industrial transformation: evoking structural changes within companies. Journal of Cleaner Production, 8(3): 215–223.
  • De Bruijn, TJNM & P.S. Hofman (2000) Pollution prevention in SMEs: evoking structural changes through partnerships. Greener Management International, 30, p 71–82.
  • Hartman CL, PS Hofman and ER Stafford (1999) Partnerships: a path to sustainability. Business Strategy and the Environment, 8(5): 255–266.<255::AID-BSE214>3.0.CO;2-O

Books and book chapters

  • Hofman, P.S., Li, L, Sun, S.L, and Sun, Y. (2019) Institutional drivers of stakeholder engagement and legitimacy of Chinese MNEs, In: Leonidou, L.C., Katsikeas, C.S., Samiee, S., and Leonidou, C.N. (eds.) (2019) Socially Responsible International Business: Critical Issues and the Way Forward, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, Chapter 4, pp. 98-132.
  • Hofman, P.S., Sharon Chenchen Weng, Steven Shijin Zhou and Abby Jingzi Zhou (2019) Innovation in Environmental Technologies in China: The Case of Feida’s Power Plant Pollution Control Equipment. In: Liu, M. & Luo, J. (ed.) China Branding – Cases from Zhejiang, Singapore: Palgrave MacMillan, Chapter 4.
  • Hofman, P.S., Newman, A. and Deng, Z. (2014) Determinants of Product Innovation in Chinese Private Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises, In: Feng, X., and Shao, K. (2014) Innovation and Intellectual Property in China: Challenges, Strategies and Implementations, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, Chapter 7, pp. 160-185.
  • Lovett, J.C., Hofman, P.S., Morsink, K and Clancy, J. (2012) Technology Transfer and Global Markets. In: David Ockwell and Alexandra Mallett: Low-Carbon Technology Transfer - From Rhetoric to Reality, London: Routledge, 322-339.
  • Hofman, P.S. & De Bruijn, TJNM (2010) The emergence of sustainable innovations – Key factors and regional support structures, in: J. Sarkis, J.J. Cordeiro and D. Vazquez Bruar (eds.) Facilitating Sustainable Innovation through Collaboration – A Multi-Stakeholder Perspective, Berlin: Springer, 115-133.
  • Hofman, P. S. & Schrama, G.J.I. (2005). Dutch target group policy. In T. De Bruijn and V. Norberg-Bohm (Eds.), Industrial Transformation – Environmental Policy Innovation in the United States and Europe. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 39-63.
  • Elzen, B., Geels, F., Hofman, P.S., & Green, K. (2004) Sociotechnical Scenarios as a Tool for Transition Policy: an Example from the Traffic and Transport Domain. In B. Elzen, F.W. Geels, & K. Green (Eds.), System Innovation and the Transition to Sustainability – Theory, Evidence and Policy (Chapter 11). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
  • Hofman, Peter S. & Schrama, Geerten J.I. (2003). Environmental Policy and Environment-oriented Technology Policy in the Netherlands. In Geerten J.I. Schrama and Sabine Sedlacek (Eds.), Environmental and Technology Policy in Europe: Technological Innovation and Policy Integration, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 125-162.
  • Hartman, C.L., Hofman, P.S., & Stafford E.R. (2002). Environmental Collaboration: Potential and Limits. In T. de Bruijn & A. Tukker (Eds.), Partnership and Leadership: Building Alliances for a Sustainable Future. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 21-40.
  • De Bruijn, T.J.N.M. and Hofman, P.S. (2002). Partners in pollution prevention, increasing environmental capabilities of SMEs through collaboration. In De Bruijn & Tukker (eds.), Partnership and leadership Partnership and Leadership: Building Alliances for a Sustainable Future. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 195-216.
  • Green, K., P. Groenewegen and P.S. Hofman (2001) (eds.).Ahead of the curve: cases of innovation in environmental management, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  • Hofman, P.S. (1998) Participation in Southeast Asian Pollution Control Policies, in: Coenen, F.H.J.M, Huitema, D., O’Toole L.J. (eds.), Participation and the Quality of Environmental Decision Making, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998, pp. 287-305.